Fields in Dermatology

Cosmetic dermatology
Dermatologists have been leaders in the field of cosmetic surgery. Some dermatologists go ahead to do a further training in cosmetic dermatology which involves botulinum toxin and filler injections, laser surgery, liposuction, blepharoplasty, and face lifts.

 Dermatologic surgery
These are dermatologists who go on to have specialist training in the field of skin surgery. They deal with the diagnosis and treatment of medical and cosmetic skin, hair, nail, veins and mucous membrane conditions and treat such by various surgical (including lasers), reconstructive, cosmetic and non-surgical methods.

A dermatolopathologist is a pathologist or dermatologist who specializes in the pathology of the skin. This field is shared by dermatologists and pathologists. Usually a dermatologist or pathologist will complete one year of dermatopathology fellowship. This usually includes six months of general pathology, and six months of dermatopathology. Alumni of both specialties can qualify as dermatopathologists.

This field specializes in the treatment of immune-mediated skin diseases such as lupus, bullous pemphigoid, pemphigus vulgaris, and other immune-mediated skin disorders. Specialists in this field often run their own immunopathology labs.

 Mohs surgery
The dermatologic subspecialty called Mohs surgery focuses on the excision of skin cancers using a tissue-sparing technique that allows intraoperative assessment of 100% of the peripheral and deep tumor margins developed in the 1930s by Dr. Frederic E. Mohs. Physicians trained in this technique must be comfortable with both pathology and surgery, and dermatologists receive extensive training in both during their residency. This technique requires the integration of the same doctor in two different capacities: surgeon as well as pathologist.

 Pediatric dermatology
Physicians can qualify for this specialization by completing both a pediatric residency and a dermatology residency. Or they might elect to complete a post-residency fellowship. This field encompasses the complex diseases of the neonates, hereditary skin diseases or genodermatoses, and the many difficulties of working with the pediatric population.

Teledermatology is a form of dermatology where telecommunication technologies are used to exchange medical information through all kinds of media (audio, visual and also data communication, but typically photos of dermatologic conditions) usually made by non-dermatologists for evaluation off-site by dermatologists).This subspecialty deals with options to view skin conditions over a large distance to provide knowledge exchange, to establish second-opinion services for experts or to use this for follow-up of individuals with chronic skin conditions. Teledermatology can reduce wait times by allowing dermatologists to treat minor conditions online while serious conditions requiring immediate care are given priority for appointments.

Dermatoepidemiology is the study of skin disease at the population level. One aspect of Dermatoepidemiology is the determination of the global burden of skin diseases From 1990 to 2013, skin disease has constituted approximately 2% of total global disease disability as measured in disability adjusted life years (DALYS).


A dermatologist is a medically qualified doctor who has then chosen to spend several years training specifically in dermatology. Click here to find a Dermatologist in Nigeria

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